Alzheimer’s disease: Causes and tips to improve cognitive health


Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder whereby the brain cells are killed off and a major decline in cognitive health occurs which in turn causes memory loss. It is the most common type of dementia and as symptoms worsen, so it becomes more difficult for the person to remember people, places and recent events. This heartbreaking decline eventually leaves a person needing full-time care with total memory loss.

It is a gradual decline over months or even years however in some rare cases a marked worsening of the person’s normal level of cognition occurs in a short period of time.

As it worsens, everyday tasks become more and more difficult and when a person begins to have difficulties with familiar tasks, it can be very worrying for those around them.

Experts agree that in most cases of Alzheimer’s, the development of the disease resulted in complex interactions among factors like, age, genetic, environment, lifestyle and coexisting medical conditions.

Research into Alzheimer’s is ever evolving however evidence is strong that people can reduce their risk by training the brain and improving cognitive health.

A 2018 study on expert reactions to brain stimulation to restore working memory in older adults looked at a non-invasive technique which stimulated the brain and resulted in improvement in working memory of performance in adults aged 60-76.

Training one’s brain could help is a good bet for building and maintaining cognitive skills. The brain has the ability to learn and grow and that is why keeping your brain active and practicing a new challenging activity is so imperative to strong cognitive health.

5 of the best apps for training your brain:


The ‘original’ brain training app, it is used by more than 85 million people around the world and consists of 50 colourful and fun mini games.


This app is designed to boost math and speaking skills, as well as improving memory, attention, and processing speed.


This app was developed by scientists including one from the University of Cambridge and involves a number of games that appeal to both children and adults.

Fit brains 

Having the largest variety and helped created by neuroscientists, this app exercises key cognitive functions which include  concentration and memory.


This is the most advanced brain training app and helps with short-term memory loss. Designed by scientists and provides a balance of fun and mental stimulation.

Doctor James Pickett, head of research at Alzheimer’s Society concluded: “We can’t cure, prevent or even slow down dementia so it is vital we explore all possible areas for treatments.

“Altering and correcting the circuitry of the brain with technology is a new exciting avenue of research for dementia.”

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